As the years go by, teeth start losing their natural colour which is what makes a smile so attractive. But there are many other reasons that can dim or stain them.
Modern dentistry offers us a range of different techniques for dental bleaching. The current methods are simple, they do not require many sessions, they do not damage the teeth, they respect the gum tissue and offer proven results. They can be carried out at the dentists office or in your own home, always under the supervision of the specialist.
There are some conditions the patients should have so the dental bleaching can be carried out:
- The surface of the teeth must be clean and with no bacterial plaque.
- A very careful dental hygiene is required.
- The gums must be healthy.
- There should be no tooth decay, infections, or filtered fillings.
There are certain situations when it is best not to have a bleaching treatment:
- During pregnancy and lactation period.
- If teeth have deep cracks.
- In some fixed front teeth prostheses.
- In very young teeth (under 13 years of age)
- In cases of dental hypersensitivity.
Currently there is a wide range of products that ensure shiny and white teeth. However, an inappropriate use of these products, which are usually sold without the need of a medical prescription, may damage the gums, and can sometimes be aggressive.
The results of dental bleaching are long-lasting, although a check-up session is needed every two years in certain occasions in order to keep a white smile and a perfect dental health.
Periodontal diseases are pathologies that affect the periodontium, in other words, the bone and gums that hold the teeth in place. They are infectious diseases caused by bacteria.
There are two big groups of periodontal diseases. When it only affects the gums, causing a reversible inflammatory process, named gingivitis.
If the gingivitis goes on for a long time and other factors contribute to it (genetic, environmental, local…), then it becomes periodontitis, and it doesn’t just affect the gums, as it also affects the alveolar bone, the teeth cement and the periodontal ligament. Moreover, this destruction can’t be undone and it contributes to the spreading of the disease.
Periodontal disease symptoms and consequences
It can be any of the next:
- Gums can bleed when you are cleaning your teeth or spontaneously.
- Gum redness.
- Movement of the teeth.
- Bad breath
- Sensitivity of the teeth
Periodontal disease treatments
When it is gingivitis, it is necessary to clean the bacteria up which has accumulated, by means of a dental plaque and tartar removal. This treatment is named professional prophylaxis.
When it is periodontitis, the bacteria, dental plaque and tartar are removed from the periodontal bag by means of root scaling and smoothing procedures.
When the active treatment is over, the disease should be under control. This is when the maintenance period starts, which is essential in the periodontal treatment and the only way to get a long-term control of the periodontitis.
How can you prevent the periodontal disease?
- Brush your teeth properly, at least twice a day. This will help eliminate the bacterias. You should use a good toothbrush and toothpaste.
- Use dental flossing or an interproximal toothbrush, to eliminate the bacteria from inbetween the teeth and where your toothbrush cannot reach.
- Eat a balanced diet. Choose a variety of meals from the basic foods, such as cereals, fruit, vegetables, meat, fish and dairies like milk, cheese or yogurt. Put boundaries on your eating hours.
- It is important to go for regular check-ups and to have professional cleaning done.
Dental implants work as artificial dental roots made in order to substitute the absence or loss of teeth, and are able to fit into such an extent that they are healthy and natural without damaging the rest of the mouth tissues.
Through a biological process known as “osseointegration”, the organism establishes a direct connection between the bone and the surface of the implant to face all the functional and aesthetic requirements, as if it were a healthy natural tooth.
- Replace teeth with the same stability similar to the original ones.
- Provide a cosmetic and functional rehabilitation of the mouth based on quality and precision.
- Obtain moorings for removable dental prosthesis, providing the necessary stability for comfort and security.
- Try to maintain the jawbones function and not to lose its volume through a reabsorption, trying to avoid the damaging of the tissues and the appearance of an aging face because of the folds and wrinkles.
Dental implants treatments have proven to last quite a long time, provide comfort, aesthetics, reliability and predictable results, more than other natural tooth replacement treatments.
There are numerous dental problems which affect, consequently, both our appearance and our self-esteem, since our smile is a matter of vital importance for our personal appeal.
Fixed prostheses include not only the restoration of a single tooth but the rehabilitation of the whole occlusion as well. It is possible to restore the function of teeth and get a better appearance.
Lost teeth can be replaced, which improves the chewing capacity and helps to keep our health and the integrity of the dental arches.
A crown is an all-ceramic onlay restoration which covers the whole surface of the clinic crown. It must reproduce the morphology and the outline of a damaged tooth so that it can carry out its function.
It ensures outstanding cosmetic results and the same functions as teeth, making the patient’s smile recover its health and beauty.
The use of porcelain veneers is one of the best techniques of cosmetic dentistry today.
It consists of a thin sheet of porcelain enamel on the surface. They can improve the color, size and shape of the teeth and give a totally renovated smile.
- Stains that are very visible (tetracyclines, fluorosis, devitalized teeth …)
- Surface defects (cracks enamel caused by age, trauma …)
- Diastema closure and improves the appearance of rotated teeth or bad positioned
- Short teeth, it is possible to lengthen them until a more aesthetic size.
- Natural and stable color.
- Satisfactory biocompatibility with the gingival tissues.
- Duration. High tensile strength.
- Resistance to wearing out and abrasion.
- Staining resistance
Halitosis bad breath
Halitosis (commonly known as “bad breath”) is a medical term used to describe any unpleasent odor in the air exhaled through the mouth or nose. In today’s society, image and interpersonal relationships are of particular importance when an olfactory stimulus is unpleasant, is perceived as unsightly.
Halitosis is usually classified into two groups, depending on whether or not it is perceived : (Note that most adults suffer from genuine waking halitosis or transient)
- This is a temporary problem attributed to reduced salivary flow during sleep and prolonged fasting.
- This type of halitosis also occurs with the intake of certain foods such as garlic and onion.
Causes of halitosis or bad breath
- Mouth: Poor hygiene, periodontal diseases, extensive decay, interdental withholding food, gingival bleeding …
- Respiratory: rhinosinusitis, nasal obstruction, tonsillitis, bronchitis, pneumonia …
- Gastrointestinal tract: Gastroesophageal reflux, gastritis, ulcers, hiatal hernia …
- Systemic, nutrition and habits: Food odorants (garlic and others), snuff, dehydration,
- Fevers, prolonged fasting
- Psychological and neurological: halitofobia, stress, olfactory reference syndrome …
For an effective, you mmust carry out a correct diagnosis of the origin of halitosis, dental occupying a fundamental role in the diagnosis and treatment.
Methods of diagnosis
- Self-perception: Recognition and interpretation by a person in a negative olfactory stimulus in relation to the smell of breath itself. It is an unreliable method because people who suffer from bad breath often do not know
- Olfactory sensory tests: Measurement of mouth odor of a person using the smell of judges / human evaluators. It is also an unreliable method due to the susceptibility of the results of physiological factors
- Measuring breath gases: Objective of exhaled air analyzers use specific gases analysis. They can be monitored through sulfur gases or gas chromatography apparatus
- Laboratory tests: Diversity of specific techniques that rush the presence of compounds of breath indirectly as BANA tests, chemical sensors, saliva test incubation, etc.
Types of treatment
Halitosis treatment varies depending on the cause. There is a therapeutic agent that solves all types of halitosis, so it is essential “to diagnose” to reveal their origin.
The treatments for halitosis are often framed in 3 different philosophies:
- Masking treatment
- Prophylactic or preventive treatment
- Interventional treatment
In the past treatments for crowns or caps used to be very aggressive with teeth, a big amount of healthy tooth tissue was removed and would even destroy the nerve, leaving the tooth very weak. Materials then, metal and porcelain, were also quite aggressive.
With the passage of time the gum, if you’re not careful, tends to shrink, revealing the underlying metal sheath, thus generating a black area around the tooth. This produces a quite unsightly appearance that can be avoided. Fortunately technological advancements have managed to solve these two problems using Zirconium.
Zirconium is an absolute white material, that doesn’t produce dark areas and the result looks perfect. The biocompatibility of the soft tissues is excellent, so it helps the gum to not retract as the removal of the tooth tissue is minimal, leaving the strongest and most vital tooth.
- High stability and precise fit
- Excellent long term aesthetics
- Tooth-colored material
- Uniform color
- Duration high translucency
- Free of metal
- Clinical studies show that it does not produce allergic reactions (gingival)
- Excellent regeneration of the gums.
Invisalign (invisible orthodontics)
The “Invisalign” treatment consists of a series of nearly invisible, removable aligners that are changed every 2 weeks for a new set of aligners.
Each aligner is made speacilly for your teeth and only your teeth.
As you change aligners your teeth will move bit by bit, week after week, until they are aligned and in the final position as perscribed by the orthodontist.
They can be removed for eating, drinking, brushing your teeth and flossing.
“Invisalign” is the best way to transform your smile without changing your daily lifestyle.
The Clinic Doctors López is known for providing orthodontist solutions responsable for generating peoples wellness . We are a network of professionals with a different concept of dental health. Always at the forefront of technology, we provide different services for oral health care and high levels of quality.
For us, your teeth’s health is an art. We are dedicated to providing specialized services in oral health: dental whitening, periodontitis, implants, dentures, porcelain veneers, halitosis, zirconium crowns, etc. Providing confidence and satisfaction to our patients and offering treatments and solutions that meet their needs, all made with the latest technology and using raw materials and supplies with high quality, always based on the academy, ethics and human talent.
The smiles digital design allows us to see how your smile would look like before starting treatment and allows studies to improve their smile and see it ideally and most beautiful.
With the treatment we can design a new smile , always taking into account facial features and dental aspects.
In this study we need a previous photo shooting, videos and study models of your smile and mouth.
From there , they are valued by the medical team led by Dr . López López where they “design ” the perfect smile and possible treatments to improve your needs, and also they can improve your countour, lips and chin to make you more beautiful.